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NHDPlus High Resolution

The NHDPlus High Resolution (NHDPlus HR) is a scalable geospatial hydrography framework built from the high resolution National Hydrography Dataset, nationally complete Watershed Boundary Dataset, and ⅓ arc-second (10 meter ground spacing) 3D Elevation Program data. The NHDPlus HR brings modeling and assessment down to a local, neighborhood level, while nesting seamlessly into the national context.

Mt. Washington, New Hampshire - NHDPlus High Resolution (NHDPlus HR) streams in blue, catchments in yellow. The NHDPlus HR is created from the high resolution National Hyrdrography Dataset, Watershed Boundary Dataset and 3D elevation Program data. (Data sources: NHDPlus HR Beta HU4-0108 2017, USGS 3DEP (NED) 1/3 arc-second 2017, NAIP Sept 2014)

NHDPlus HR is modeled after the highly successful NHDPlus Version 2. Like the NHDPlus version 2, the NHDPlus HR is comprised of a nationally seamless network of stream reaches, elevation-based catchment areas, flow surfaces, and value-added attributes that enhance stream network navigation, analysis, and data display. However, users will find that the NHDPlus HR, which increases the number of features nationally from about three million in the NHDPlus Version 2 to over 30 million, provides richer, more current content that also can be used at a variety of scales.

The NHDPlus HR framework extends the hydrologic network seamlessly across the terrain by including not only streams, but also associated catchment areas that drain to each stream segment. This association allows information about the landscape to be related to the stream network. Observational data on the stream network, such as water quality samples, streamgage measurements, or fish distribution, can also be linked to the framework. Together, the framework and linked data can support a limitless range and type of applications, for example:

  • Predicting the risk, timing, and magnitude of flood events
  • Estimating when and where an event such as a toxic spill will affect populations and ecosystems downstream
  • Enabling riparian property owners to better understand upstream invasive species threats

When completed, the NHDPlus HR will provide a common geospatial framework that is open and accessible for use by everyone, including government, citizens, and industry. It will be the geospatial framework supporting the Open Water Data Initiative, which seeks to integrate currently fragmented water information into a connected national water data infrastructure to underpin innovation, modeling, data sharing, and solution development. NHDPlus HR will not only provide far more detail than NHDPlus V2 in order to support local analysis and modeling, special attributes also allow the selection of more generalized stream networks for regional or national analysis, while retaining the spatial accuracy of the highest-resolution, nationally available datasets.

What are the components of NHDPlus HR?

The NHDPlus HR is built using:

  • The National Hydrography Dataset High Resolution data at 1:24,000 scale or better
  • The 1/3 arc-second (10 meter ground spacing) 3D Elevation Program data
  • The nationally complete Watershed Boundary Dataset

NHDPlus HR consists of vector and raster data layers. It includes a snapshot of the NHD and WBD at the time the NHDPlus HR was built, as well as the following components:

  • A set of value added attributes, in addition to the standard NHD attributes, that enhance stream network navigation, analysis and display
  • An elevation-based catchment area for each flowline in the stream network
  • Catchment characteristics, including mean annual precipitation, mean annual temperature, and mean annual runoff, and mean latitude
  • Cumulative drainage area characteristics
  • Mean annual flow (1971-2000) and velocity estimates for each flowline in the stream network
  • Flow direction, flow accumulation, elevation, and hydro-enforced elevation rasters
  • Headwater node areas
  • Flowline min/max elevations and slopes

A poster of the NHDPlus Data Model v1.0 is available with details on dataset structure, feature classes, domains, and relationships.

What is NHDPlus HR Beta?

Large geospatial datasets sometimes contain errors due to processing, input errors, or other issues, particularly when they are first created. To ensure data quality, the NHDPlus HR is being created in an iterative fashion starting with production of a “Beta” version. While in Beta, the data will undergo a structured review by volunteers in the user community, during which errors in the component hydrography datasets (NHD and WBD) will be identified and corrected. The data will then be “refreshed” using the updated component datasets to create an improved product. This period of user review is a vital part of the overall process. Please see the section below on helping with the NHDPlus HR for more information on how to get involved.

How do I access NHDPlus HR?

NHDPlus HR data is currently available in Beta version for selected hydrologic regions from the Get Data Products and Map Services page and The National Map Download viewer.

Note that two download files are available for each area: a file geodatabase (GDB) of all vector datasets in compressed ZIP format, and a collection of raster files in 7-Zip compressed format. An NHDPlus HR User Guide for more information on what is contained in these download files is under development and will be available soon.

Mapped overview of the NHDPlus HR Beta production process.

Where is NHDPlus HR available?

The map to the right provides a general overview of the NHDPlus HR Beta production process.



Below is the general processing order for creating the Beta version of the NHDPlus HR. It is subject to change based on data readiness and program prioritization.

WBD
HU2, HU4, or HU6
Hydrologic Region Additional Information # of HU4s
06 Tennessee Mississippi 1 of 6 4
01 Northeast - 10
12 Texas - 11
14 Upper Colorado Colorado 1 of 2 8
15 Lower Colorado Colorado 2 of 2 8
02 Mid-Atlantic - 6
16 Great Basin - 6
0903 Canadian Pilot (0903) Pilot (Rainy River Lake of the Woods) 1
10 Missouri Mississippi 2 of 6 29
07 Upper Mississippi Mississippi 3 of 6 14
041504 Canadian Pilot (041504) Pilot (Lake Champlain) 1
05 Ohio Mississippi 4 of 6 14
09 Souris, Red, Rainy Souris, Red, Rainy (less pilot) 3
1902 Alaska Pilot (1902) Pilot (MatSu) 1
11 Arkansas, Red, White Mississippi 5 of 6 14
1801 Klamath River Basin Klamath Dam Removal Project 1
3 South Atlantic - 18
17 Pacific Northwest Pacific Northwest 12
13 Rio Grande - 9
4 Great Lakes Complete Drainage Area (less pilot) 15
8 Mississippi Mississippi 6 of 6 9
18 California California (less Klamath Priority) 9
19 Alaska Alaska (less MatSu Pilot) -
20 Hawaii - -
21 & 22 Virgin Islands & Puerto Rico - -
Italicized text indicates partial subregion (HU4).

Approximate Scale Representation using the VisibilityFilter Attribute

Please note: The VisibilityFeature attribute currently is only available for NHDPlus HR Regions 1 and 6. After a period of testing, it will be included in all NHD and NHDPlus HR data as datasets are produced.

The VisibilityFilter attribute enables users to represent NHD vector features in the NHDPlus HR at eight different map scales. Using an algorithm, each feature is assigned a VisibilityFilter value, indicating the approximate appropriate map scale, and all larger scales, for representing the features. This attribute is available for the NHDFlowline, NHDWaterbody, NHDArea, and NHDLine feature classes. Details on methods for using the VisbilityFilter attribute, information on known issues, and citations for determining the map scale levels are available on the Scale Representation using the VisibilityFilter Attribute page.

How can I help with NHDPlus HR?

Improving the NHD and WBD prior to NHDPlus HR Production: Partners proficient with NHD or WBD editing tools can perform the required review/quality control (QC) and fix problems in the NHD and WBD data before the datasets are used in NHDPlus HR production. Partners who have local knowledge but are not trained editors can get involved in the review/QC effort following the release of the web-based markup application later in 2017. Areas are not available for editing during the NHDPlus HR build process. Please visit the section above on data availability to see areas available for editing. Please contact the NHD Point of Contact in your area for questions about NHD and WBD editing.

NHDPlus HR Beta review/QC: The USGS is seeking volunteers to perform a review/QC of the​ NHDPlus HR Beta in various Hydrologic Regions. This opportunity is ideal for users with previous NHDPlus Version 2 (medium resolution) experience and, most importantly, local hydrography knowledge. Please contact nhd@usgs.gov directly to participate in the NHDPlus HR Beta review/QC process.

How can I learn more about NHDPlus HR?

A poster of the NHDPlus Data Model v1.0 is available with details on dataset structure, feature classes, domains, and relationships. An NHDPlus HR User Guide for more information on what is contained in these download files is under development and will be available soon.

Errors in the NHDPlus HR Beta Dataset

How do I report errors in NHDPlus HR?

If you discover an error in the NHDPlus HR stream network or waterbodies, please report the issue via web form. In the future, we will have a web-based markup application that will provide an easier and more robust method for reporting errors.

Known errors in the NHDPlus HR Beta Datasets

Below are issues identified in the NHDPlus HR Beta datasets which do not need further reporting.

  • Missing relationship classes - Some NHD relationship classes normally found in the NHD data model are missing in NHDPlus HR Beta Datasets. This issue will be corrected in the future, but existing Beta datasets will not be recreated. (added 5/12/2017)
  • HU2, HU14, and HU16 Feature classes in WBD Feature Dataset are not populated - HU14 and HU16 features only exist for a few areas. These feature classes will be empty in most datasets. The HU2 feature class was not populated during the creation of initial NHDPlus HR Beta data. These datasets may not include HU2 features. More recent production now includes HU2 features. (added 5/12/2017)
  • Unpopulated Flow Accumulation Raster - The flow accumulation raster, fac.tif is not included for HU4s 0208, 0903, 1018, 1019, 1025, 1604, and 1606. A software problem caused the NHDPlus HR Build Step P tool to fail for these processing units. A solution is being investigated, and when the issue is resolved, a data update for these processing units will be posted. (added 5/12/2017)



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URL: http://nhd.usgs.gov/NHDPlus_HR.html
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Last modified: Tuesday, 23-May-2017 14:51:55 EDT